Additionally, the adjacent Venezuelan islands of Nueva Esparta and the islands of the Venezuelan Federal Dependencies can be considered to be a part of the Caribbean instead of part of South America. The circumstance of these islands is akin to that of the ABC islands, as both the ABC islands and the Venezuelan islands are at an equivalent range from the Venezuelan mainland.
Thus, these Venezuelan lands could consequently be placed in North America instead. Most of them are always associated with North America, except for the westernmost Near Islands group, which is on Asia's continental shelf beyond the North Aleutians Basin and on rare occasions could be associated with Asia, which could then allow the U. Lawrence Island in the northern Bering Sea belongs to Alaska and may be associated with either continent but is almost always considered part of North America, as with the Rat Islands in the Aleutian chain.
At their nearest points, Alaska and Russia are separated by only 4 kilometres 2. The uninhabited French possession of Clipperton Island 1, kilometres miles off the Mexican coast is associated with North America. Easter Island , a territory of Chile , is considered to be in Oceania, though politically it is associated with South America.
Akin to Clipperton, these are nominally associated with South America. The Malay Archipelago is usually divided between Asia and Australasia , most commonly along the anthropologic Melanesian line or Weber's Line. Indonesia controls the western half of New Guinea , geographically part of Australasia.
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The eastern half of the island is part of Papua New Guinea which is considered to be part of Oceania. Indonesia is commonly referred to as one of the Southeast Asian countries. East Timor , an independent state that was formerly a territory of Indonesia, which is geographically part of Asia, is classified by the United Nations as part of the "South-Eastern Asia" block. Occasionally, all of the Malay Archipelago is included in Oceania, although this is extremely rare, especially as most of the archipelago lies on the Asian continental shelf. Japan possesses the Bonin Islands , also known as the Ogasawara Islands, which is a territory consisting of scattered island atolls located in the Pacific Ocean.
These islands are located at some distance southeast of the main Japanese islands. Due to the location of this territory, and the tropical nature of the islands, these are sometimes considered to be a part of Oceania as well. The Commonwealth of Australia includes island possessions in Oceania and islands closer to Indonesia than the Australian mainland.
Antarctica along with its outlying islands have no permanent population.
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However, they are politically associated with the inhabited Falkland Islands , which are closer to South America. Furthermore, Argentina, a South American country, maintains its irredentist claims on the islands. The continental shelf boundary separates the two island groups.
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North America. South America. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses. Home FAQ Contact. Boundaries between the continents of Earth Wikipedia open wikipedia design. Conventions used for the boundary between Europe and Asia during the 18th and 19th centuries.
The red line shows the most common modern convention, in use since c.
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Transcontinental states, European territory. Transcontinental states, Asian territory. African part of Egypt. Asian part of Egypt. Rest of Asia. Rest of Africa. Further information: Americas and Central America. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Geography portal.
Archived from the original on 25 December Retrieved 15 October CS1 maint: archived copy as title link ; "Countries of Africa". Retrieved 14 June Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 6 October Europe: A Political Profile. Retrieved 10 September Duane W. Theiler, Posidonios. Die Fragmente , vol. Berlin: De Gruyter, , fragm. Kidd ed. Nobbe , vol. Archived from the original on 17 April Archived from the original on 16 October Moores, R.
Washington, DC: National Geographic. Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Caucasus: An Introduction. Oxford University Press, Washington, D. Robinson Rivers of Europe Illustrated ed. Academic Press. Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 12 February Russian Voyage. Earthquakes do not occur randomly on the Earth.
The pattern of earthquake locations can be explained by assuming the Earth's surface is made up from rigid plates that are in motion relative to each other. Press Office. Online shops. Recent publications. Discovering geology. News and events. Plate tectonics. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is a good example of a constructive plate boundary. You can see normal faulting at the surface where the Mid-Atlantic Ridge crosses Iceland.
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A convergent, or distructive, boundary showing subduction of an oceanic plate under a continental plate. A convergent boundary showing mountain formation where one continental plate crumples up and over another continental plate. Reverse faults or 'thrust' faults are found at convergent boundaries. They are associated with mountain ranges, such as the Himalayas or the Andes. A transform boundary, where two plates slide past each other in the same plane. Strike-slip faults occur at transform boundaries: for example, a system of strike-slip faults makes up the transform boundary of the San Andreas fault.
Modelling an earthquake In these three tasks, you are going to use a brick being pulled along a surface covered in sandpaper to model the behaviour of an earthquake.
Continents in collision Earth Learning Idea Modelling processes at a destructive convergent plate margin. Related topics Elastic rebound theory The process of ground being subjected to a growing force until it snaps or breaks is explained in a theory called the elastic rebound theory. What drives the movement of tectonic plates? The structure of the Earth Studying the signals from distant earthquakes has allowed scientists to determine the internal structure of the earth.
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